The ABCs of Health Screening
Health screening enables you to find out if you have a particular disease or condition even if you do not have any symptoms and/or signs of disease. Early detection, followed by treatment and good control of the condition can result in better outcomes. We will find out which recommended health screening test is suitable for you
All You Need to Know About Health ScreeningHealth screening is important to everyone. It involves the use of tests, physical examinations or other procedures to detect disease early in people who look or feel well. This is different from diagnostic tests which are done when someone is already showing signs and/or symptoms of a disease.
Why should I go for health screening?
Health screening helps you find out if you have a particular disease or condition even if you feel perfectly well, without any symptoms and/or signs of disease. Early detection, followed by treatment and good control of the condition can result in better outcomes, and lowers the risk of serious complications. It is therefore important to get yourself screened even if you feel perfectly healthy.
What kind of screening tests should I go for?
There are 2 types of screening tests.
>Beneficial for everyone: These tests are listed in Table A.
General Screening Tests for Adults
|Recommended for||To screen for||Screening test||Screening frequency|
|Individuals aged 18 yrs and above||Obesity||Body Mass Index (BMI) Waist circumference||Once a year|
|Individuals aged 40 yrs and above||Diabetes mellitus Hyperlipidaemia (High blood cholesterol)||Fasting blood glucose Fasting lipids||Once every three years or more frequently as advised by your doctor|
|Individuals aged 18 yrs and above||Hypertension (High blood pressure)||Blood pressure measurement||Once every two years or more frequently as advised by your doctor|
Beneficial for some but not others: Decision to be made on an 'individual' level, based on your individual risk factors e.g. self or family history of hereditary or chronic diseases, exposure to factors that can lead to disease e.g. smoking
What should I do after health screening?
If your screening results are normal, you should continue with your physical activities and do regular screening at the recommended frequency because screening only detects health conditions that are present at the time of screening. If you develop signs or symptoms after your screening, please see your doctor – do not wait for your next screening appointment. If your screening results are abnormal, you should follow-up with your doctor immediately even if you feel perfectly well. Early treatment and good control of disease can result in better outcomes and prevent or delay serious complications.